Grizzly Bear (brown bear species (Ursus arctos) – Eurasia and North America.  ( The Kodiak and the European brown are in this classification also). The color of the coat varies from brown, silver-gray or bluish to beige.  They have a hump on the shoulder and very long fore claws that are used in digging roots and bulbs.
American Black Bears (Urus americanus) – Canada and central, northern and eastern United States.  In the fall, the American Black Bear enters a state of lethargy, but not true hibernation.  The length of time depends on the climate conditions.  They are excellent climbers.  With the prehensile lip, they can pick fruit, berries and nuts.   They can roll logs and turn over rocks with their strong front limbs and curved claws to get insects.
Sun Bear (Helarctos malayanus) – Also known as the Dog or Honey Bear.  Asia in rainforest.  They use their very long claws to dig into bee’s nests to get the honey or termite mounds.  The long tongue helps in licking up the insects.  There is a U-shaped cream to rusty “sun patch” on the chest.  The muzzle is short and light brown.  The sun bear is the smallest of the eight bear species.
Spectacled Bear (Tremarctos ornatus) – South America: The northern Andes from western Venezuela to northern Bolivia.   The Spectacled Bear has a white patch on the chest and usually white rings around the eyes.  The snout is rather short and the legs are long.  This bear is nocturnal.  They can climb trees by hugging the trunk and using the claws and teeth to help move up the tree.

Comments are closed.