Camels

Camels

 optblankparkzoocamelcalf
Dromedary Camel Calf – The gestation period lasts about 13 months.  The female gives birth to a single calf while standing up.  The Female calf is called a heifer.  Often a calf is born white and will turn brown as they grow.  The calf weighs around 90 lbs. when born.  The calves are able to run when only a few hours old. They do not have humps when they are born, but develop them when they start eating solid food.  They stay with the mother for several years.  To remember the difference between the two hump camel and the one hump camel:  Take the first letter in their names and drop it on its flat side.  The “D” in Dromedary has only one hump.  The “B” in Bactrian has two humps.
optmiamimetrozoodromedaryca
Dromedary Camel (Camelus Dromedarius) – North Africa, Arabia, and the Middle East.  The Dromedary Camel has one hump that stores fat.  The upper lip is deeply cleft and very flexible.  The nostrils moisten and cool the air it breathes.  They have a double row of curly lashes protecting the eyes from the desert sand.  The broad feet helps them not to sink in the loose sand while walking.
optsouthwichzoocamel750
Bactrian Camel (Camelus bactrianus) – Gobi Desert, Central Asia.  If there has been a drought, the camel can drink up to 24 gallons of water in about 12 minutes.  The light brown to dark shaggy coat of winter is shed in the summer.  The two humps are filled with fat.  When food is scarce, the humps sag a bit as the fat is used up.  The stomach of camels have 4 chambers.  They can endure high temperatures and low temperatures.   The bactrian camels have shorter legs and a heavier build thaan the dromedary camels.

Comments are closed