Cleveland Zoo – Ohio

Cleveland Zoo, Cleveland, Ohio


Cheetah ( Acinonyx jubatus) – Africa and West Asia. Cheetahs are the fastest animal in the world.  They can reach speeds of 60 mph, but can’t maintain that speed for long, tiring easily.  The cheetah will hunt by day, usually in the early morning or at dusk.   The graceful Cheetah has a slim body and very long legs, which help to reach the high speeds when spurting forward. They have small black spots on the coat on a tawny-cream background.  There is a black line on each side of the nose sometimes called “tear stripes”.  The head is rather small in proportion to the body.  The tail has black rings on it.  It has a cream or white underside.

African Lion (Panthera leo) – Africa and Asia.  The Lion is a majestic animal and , unlike the other cats, lives in a very social group called prides.  Their fur is a tawny-brown, but can vary sometimes being almost white, ochre, blackish and gray.  The large mane is only found in the male.  Both male and female will roar, starting low and building to a full roar and can be heard a long distance away.  They hunt mainly at night or early morning.

Red Panda (Ailurus fulgens) – South and Southeast Asia.  The long, soft coat is a rusty-brown with a black underside.  The long tail is rusty-cream with black rings.  They have large heads and a pointed snout.  The ears cheeks and above the eyebrow have white on them.  They are good climbers, using their partly retractable claws and can curl up high on a tree branch to sleep.  The soles of their feet are hairy.  They are mainly nocturnal.  l
Masai Giraffe (Giraffe camelopardalis tippelskirchi), also known as Kilimaniaro Giraffes. – Africa in Kenya, Tanzania , Somalia and Ethiopia.  They don’t bend over very often – just to care for the young and to drink as this Masai is doing.  When bending, the heart pumps blood up to the brain at great pressure.  The one-way valves control the force of blood to prevent brain damage.  The long necks have seven cervical vertebrae like other mammals.  The head weighs around 500 pounds.
Baby Masai Giraffe.  The mother gives birth standing up.  The babies are already 6 feet tall when they are born and get up soon after birth.  This is one of the few animals that is born with horns.  The calves nurse for about a year, but also start eating leaves after a few weeks.
Ruffed Lemur (Varecia variegata rubra) – This is the largest Lemur. They can be reddish or creamy white with a black face.  The ears are tufted with white on them.  There is considerable color variations among these area.  They a dense, soft fur.  The Ruffed Lemur is unusual in that it builds a simple leafy nest in a hole or fork in a tree.  The mother carries the young about by the scruff of the neck for a few days after they are born.  Then they climb on the mothers body.  They forage in the early morning for fruit.
Grizzly Bear (Ursusr arctos horribilis) – North America.  There are many bears labeled “Brown Bear”.  The Grizzly Bear, Kodiak Bear, Alaskan Bear, Eurasian Brown Bear, Syrian Bear, Siberian Bear, Manchurian Bear and Hokkaido Bear.  All have the distinctive shoulder hump of muscle, very long fore claws for digging and rummaging for food and small, rounded ears.    The fur is tipped with a silvery-white.  Commonly brown, the color can vary from black to white.  Most of the Brown Bears diet is grasses, roots, bulbs, tubers nuts and berries.   When these bear are near the waters where Salmon go upstream, They have a wonderful time feasting on Salmon.
American Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) – Northern America and Canada, wintering in the  Southern United States.  The Bald Eagle is the National bird of the United States.  The adult eagle has a white head white neck and white tail.  The large bill is yellow with orangish-yellow talons (feet).  The Eagle builds an amazing nest of sticks high in a tree, most always near water.  The Eagle will return to the same nest, improving it every year with more sticks.  The wingspan is around 80 inches.  The immature Eagle
is mostly dark brown, not getting the white features until around three.  Both parents will sit on the nest, taking turns until 1 to 2 eggs have hatched around 35 days.
Polar Bear (Ursus maritimus) – Arctic in North America, Greenland, Norway and Russia. This is one large bear.  The can weigh over 1200 lbs.  The Polar Bear is an excellent swimmer, only using his front legs only when paddling  Compared to other bears, the Polar Bear has a slender body.  Underneath the yellowish -white fur there is black skin.  The thick blubber keeps them warm in below zero weather. They have a small head and a relatively long neck  The hind legs are longer than the front legs creating a sloping back.
Their feet are padded with hair to help them walk on ice and snow.
Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus) – India.  The Sloth Bear is a black and shaggy, with a V-shaped design on the chest. There is long hair on the ears, neck and shoulders.  The long lower lips are mobile and extend.    They have a diet of termites, ants and fruit.  They use their long fore claws (about 3 inches long), to tear open the termite mounds or ant nests. The bears mouth can be formed into a sort of tube which it uses to suck up the ants or termites they find. The bear will flip over stones to fine the ants.  They will stand on their hind legs to survey what is going on.  It moves about at night, climbs slowly through the trees eating fruits and blossoms.  The eye sight and and smell are poor.
Caribbean Flamingoes  (Phoenicopterus ruber) – Caribbean, Africa, South and West Europe and Asia.  An extremely rose-pink wading bird The Flamingo is very tall measuring about 4 1/2 feet with their long necks and long legs.  They feed in shallow lakes and along the coast, filtering shrimp, mollusks, crustaceans, blue-green algae,  insects and diatoms.  The Flamingo filters the food through a special bill reaches down with its long neck, and sucks in the water through its upturned bill.  The bill is bent at
an angle to allow the bird to feed in a standing position, scooping up and straining small creatures from the water.  Inside of the bill are comb-like sections   The webbed feet help the bird walk in the water.  The nest is a mound with a hollow space scooped out.
Snow Leopard (Panthera Uncia) – Central Asia from northwestern China to Tibet and the Himalayas.  The Snow Leopard is the smallest of the “Big Cats”.  They have dark rosettes on pale gray or creamy-gray on long, dense fur.  There is a dark stripe that runs along the back and solid circles on the head.  The tail has rings and is long and thick. They are active by day, usually in the early morning and at dusk     They weigh about 150 pounds.
Western Lowland Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) – Africa.  The Gorilla is the largest of the primates.  They have a rounded, black belly, a bare black face and small ears.  The bar nostrils are raised.  The coat of the male Gorilla is black with silver – on the back the older the male gets.  The Gorilla mostly stays on the
ground, except to build nests in the trees.  When walking on the ground, the body rests on the fingers called “knuckle walking”.  The Gorilla is normally a peaceful creature except when danger is near.   When threatened by intruders, he will hoot and then stand upright and beat his chest.  They live in groups numbering anywhere from 2 or 3 to 30.
Amazon Milk Frog (Trachycephalus resinifictrix) – Northern South America.
Smooth-sided Toad (Bufo guttatus) – South America
Blue Dart Poison Frog
Madagascar Tomato Frog (Dyscophus quineti) – Madagascar
Green Vine Snake (Oxybelis fugidis) – Mexico to South America.
Oriental Fire-Bellied Toad (Bombina orientalis) – Southeast Asia
Prehensile-Tailed Skink (Corucia zebrata) – Solomon Islands
Green Tree Python (Chondropython viridis) – New Guinea and the Solomon Islands.
Australian Walking Stick (Exatosoma Tiaratum) – Austalia
White-Faced Saki (Pithecia pithecia) – Africa
Francois Monkey (Presbytis francoisi) – Laos, Vietnam.  Babies are born bright orange, and around three months of age they start to turn to black.
Agouti (Dasyprocta Leporina) – Northeastern South America – Brazil.  The body is covered in a dense, yellow-brown fur. The legs are rather long.  The feet have four toes on the front legs and three toes on the hind legs.  They are solitary rodents that feed on grass, roots, tender stems and fruit.  The Agouti is
mostly active at night – nocturnal.  The lair has several chambers and long passages, leading to food.












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