Dallas Zoo, Texas

Dallas Zoo, Texas

Black and White Ruffed Lemur (Varecia variegata variegata) –Madagascar.  They will hang by their feet to reach fruit, a mainsource of food for the Lemur.

African Penguin (Spheniscus demersus) – South Africa and Namibia. All  Penguins live in the Southern hemisphere.  There are 17 different kinds of penguin.  The African Penguin weighs about 6 to 8 pounds and is about 27 inches tall.  These Penguin are warm weather Penguins.  The other Penguins that live in the warm, tropical areas are Galapagos, Magellanic and Humbolt Penguins.

Western Lowland Gorilla (Gorilla, gorilla, gorilla) – Angola, Cameroons, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea the Congo and Zaire in Central Africa.  The Gorilla is the largest primate with a large head and small ears.  The nostrils are always flared.  They live in troops numbering from 2 to 18.  The male silverback can weigh up to 500 pounds.   They will use their knuckles to walk on (“knuckle walking”) when walking on the ground.


Saddle-billed Stork (Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis) – Southern and Central Africa.  This Stork is about 58 inches tall.  They ea tfish, frogs, some mammals and mollusks.  The adult male have brown eyes, while the female have yellow eyes.

Klipspringer ( Oreotragus, oreotragus) – Eastern and South Africa, The Klipspringer is  excellent at climbing and jumping on slippery rocks.  The texture of the hooves is like hard rubber.  That is how they got their name “cliff-springing antelope”, or Klipspringer. They have preorbital glands in front of their eyes.  These glands secrete a tar-like substance which they rub on branches to mark their territory.  Their large ears have stripes in them.  When leaping, their legs remain stiff.  They can go for long periods without water, getting moisture from the plants.


Mandrill (Mandrillus sphinx) – Africa.  Mandrills are the large stand most colorful of all the monkeys.  Males can weigh up to 100 lbs.They live in large troops.  One male is dominant and will be the most colorful. They forage the forest floor and are very noisy, sleeping in trees.

Flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber) – The Flamingo is a rose-pink wading bird that walks the shallow
lakes and coastal areas for food.  It feeds with bill and sometimes the head immersed in water, the bill being at an angle to allow the bird to feed in a standing position.   

Red Kangaroo (Macropus rufus) – Australia.  The Kangaroo warns other members of the group of danger by stamping it’s foot and hitting the tapered tail against the ground.  There is a dark mark on the size of the muzzle.

Fairy Bluebird (Irena puella) – India to Indochina, Greater Sundas, Palawan and Andamans.  The Fairy Bluebird lays 2 blotched eggs in a flimsy nest of moss and twigs which is built by the female while the
male encourages her with song.  They eat fruit.

Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) – Southern and Eastern Africa.  The Cheetah like open grasslands and dense vegetation.  The Cheetah is the fastest land mammal reaching 55 to 75 miles per hour, but  they can only stay at that speed for a short time and then tire.  This speed can be reached within a few seconds.

Lowland Tapir (Tapirus terrestris) – South America.  The Tapirhas a nose and upper lip that form a small trunk which grasps branches,drawing the leaves into its mouth.  This snout is also used to rootup plant foods.  This three-toed tapir is a relative of the horse and rhinoceros.  They are active at night making them Nocturnal. They live in wooded and grassy places.  The ears are large and have a furry white fringe on them.

Giant Anteater (Myrmecophage tridactyla) – Central and South America. The Giant Anteater has a long, cylindrical shape to help them break apart termite hills and forage out ants,  The two-foot-long, sticky,spine-covered tongue helps them lap up the termites once they reach them.The anteater has small ears and eyes.  They have a lovely bushy tail.

Black Rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis minor) – Africa in the Savannah. The Rhino are active during the evening and through the night and early morning ( Cathemoral).  The Black Rhinoceros is actually gray and takes on the color of the soil in which it wallows.

Red-flanked Duiker (Cephalophus rufilatus) – Central and Western Africa.  They are very shy and skiddish by nature, not seen in thewild very often.  The sweat gland under their eyes are used to mark their territory.

Warthogs (Phacochoerus aethiopicus) – Central and Southern Africa. The Warthog is active during the day (Diurnal) and eats grass, roots,berries and bark.  With their longer legs they can reach up to 35 mph.  They eat on their knees because of the combination of long legs and a short neck.

Desert Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis) – Southwest United States and Mexico.  During the Autumn rut (breeding season) the males compete for the females.  They clash head to head, ramming each other.

Llama (Llama glama) – South America.  The Llama survives cold and rocky conditions in the Andes Mountains.  They are very sure-footed.They are used as pack horses and their wool is used.

Red River Hog (Potamochoerus porcus) – Sub-Saharan Africa, Madagascar and Islands in the Indian Ocean.  The Red River Hog is also referred to as the Bush Pig.  The Males and Females mate for life.  They are very active in the early morning and at dusk.

Reticulated Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) – Sub-Saharan Africa.  The coat is made up of different size brownish-red spots with light-colored lines separating the areas.  The nine sub-species can be identified by their skin patterns.  The ears are lined with white hair.   They have large brown, kind-looking eyes.  There are two small horns and a bulge on the forehead.

Arabian Oryx (Oryx leucoryx) – Middle East.  Their habitat is in the desert, eating plants during the day.  To beat the heat they scrape shallow indentations under trees and shrubs.



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