Eagles

Eagles

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Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) – Alaska, Canada, and USA.  White head and white tail with a large yellow bill identify this Bald Eagle easily.  The body feathers are brownish-black.  The Bald Eagle is our National Symbol.
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 Bald Eagle – The American Bald Eagle can be seen soaring in the sky, symbolizing freedom and democracy.  In 1782, the Continental Congress chose the Bald Eagle as the National Bird of the United States of America.  The massive yellow bill is almost as large as the eagle’s head.  The sharp, hooked bill of the eagle is thick and powerful.  They have large, intense yellow eyes.  The eyesight is seven to nine times better than a human’s sight.  The Bald Eagle has a snow white head and neck with a white tail, making identification easier.  The body of the bird has dark brown plumage.  The young eagle, however, does not get it’s white feathers until they are five to seven years old.  These eagles prefer a diet of fish, but will adapt to other food sources when food is scarce.
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 American Bald Eagle egg.
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 Golden Eagle – The Golden Eagle is a large, majestic bird.  They glide, soaring with flat wings, only with wing movement occasionally. Birds of prey use natural currents of air to gain altitude called thermals.  They spread their wings and soar on top of the rising hot air. This amazing flier travels fast enough to catch grouse and other birds in the air and hunts rabbits, prairie dogs and squirrels on the ground.  The eagle grips the prey with feet stretched out in front.  The Golden Eagle has dark brown plumage, a golden splash on the back of the head and feathered legs.  The wingspan is about 7 feet.  This bird of prey builds a large nest in a tall tree or on a cliff, often returning to the same nest year after year.  They will carry away old eggshells and food debris to protect their chicks.  Then they add to the nest, making it larger every year. The female usually lays two eggs, off-white with brown blotches.    The incubation time is about 45 days.
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Bald Eagles mate for life.

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