Florida Brevard Zoo

BREVARD ZOO

White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) – North American, Southern Canada, South America. The coat is reddish-brown with a white underside. The tail is white and shortish. When they sense danger, they put up a “white flag” (the tail, of course) and bound out of the way of danger. The males are the only ones that have antlers, the points pointing upwards.
Golden Eagles has a golden, tawny-brown wash over the back of its head and neck, probably where it gets its name “Golden Eagle”. They are mostly brown with beige highlights. The tail has faded banding. Watching the eagle soar is a beautiful sight. They have a 7 foot wingspan, slightly uplifted in flight.
African Spurred Tortoise – (Geochelone Sulcata) Africa – Southern edge of the Sahara desert in Northern Africa. It is the third largest tortoise in the world. First is the Galapagos tortoise and second is the Aldabra Tortoise. The Spurred Tortoise is one of the most active and curious of the tortoises. They grow about 2-inches to 4-inches a year. In arid areas the tortoise will burrow into the ground during the hottest part of the day.
Giant Anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla) – South America, Guatemala to Northern Argentina. This wonderfully shaggy, bristly animal has a nose that is elongated and cylindrical. The front feet are extremely strong for breaking apart termite mounds and tree trunks, searching for termites and ants. Their long, thin tongue measures around 24 inches, narrow and covered with a sticky coating. The tongue can maneuver into small spaces such as ant nests and termite holes.
Baird’s Tapir (Tapirus bairdii) – Southern Mexico, Panama, Central American, South America and Asia. The Baird Tapir has a very thick hide covered with bristly hair. Their ears are roundish and small. The nose and upper lip are combined into a flexible snout that works like an elephant’s trunk. The front feet have four toes while the back feet have only three toes. That makes them both grazers and browsers, since the snout helps them pull leaves from branches of trees plus eating grasses, aquatic vegetation and fruit. They are good swimmers and spend much time in and around water. They communicate with a high-pitched whistle. A snort and then a stamping of a foot means they are ready to defend themselves. In Belize in Southern Mexico they are known as a “mountain cow”. Very agile, they can climb rocky areas with ease.
Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) – Alaska, Canada to Southern and Western United States. The Bald Eagle is the National Bird of the United States of America (1782). The adult Bald Eagle have their full plumage around four years old, getting the white head, neck and tail that are so easily identifiable. So actually they are not really bald. They have a massive yellow bill with yellow feet (talons).
Black Rhinoceros (Diceros biconis) – The color can be anywhere from black to gray. They have two horns. Their range is South Africa and the Sudan. The head has a short forehead, two horns the front one being longer, about 50 inches . The mouth ends in a sharply pointed upper lip that is very flexible. Males are usually solitary whereas the females usually have their off springs. They like to wallow in the mud and water. The Rhino drinks daily so is always near water. They have highly developed senses of smell and hearing.
Stanley Crane or Blue Crane (Anthropoides paradisea) – South Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Swaziland and Lesotho. The top of the head is white, slate gray for neck and body with dark slate plumage. The eyes are dark brown and the bill has pink and some yellow. The crane has a unique windpipe that produces a raspy loud cry that can be heard for miles. The Stanley Crane is the national bird of South Africa. They perform elaborate dances, leaping into the air in a graceful pose. They lay two eggs in the grass or on a patch of ground which are brownish-yellow with patches of darker brown and olive. Both the male and female take turns sitting on the eggs.
White-Collared Kingfisher or Blue Kingfisher (Todirhamphus chloris) – East Africa to West India, Southeast Asia and New Guinea, North and East Australia and islands in Southwestern Pacific. This Kingfisher has a black eye stripe, a white neck band, white over the bill and a patch of white on the back of the head. The chest is white and the rest is a lovely blue.
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Bobcat (Felis rufus) – Southern Canada, the United States and part of Mexico. The Bobcat has a short, bobbed tail with white on the tip, giving the cat it’s name. The Bobcat is smaller than a Lynx and has less dark ear tufts sticking up. They have dense, reddish brown fur with spots and lines. There is a white and black patch on the back of their ears. Bobcats are solitary animals that usually come together only to breed. Their area of roaming is about ten miles, marking the area with scent from the anal glands. The female Bobcat will give birth to 2 to 6 babies in a litter after a gestation period of about fifty days. The babies are born with blue eyes, which will change to brown as the cat matures. (Felis rufus means “red cat” in Latin).
Southern Cassowary (Casuarius casuarius) – North Australia, New Guinea. The Cassowary has long, black, hair like quills which protect it from the forest undergrowth. This flightless bird has very small wings. The wattles that hang from the neck are red and blue. There is a hornlike casque that helps them break through the vegetation in the rain forests. They have a sharp claw on the outer toe used in fighting.
Crested Caracara (Polyborus plancus) – Southern Texas, Arizona and Florida.  The caracara is a member of the falcon family.  The legs are long and suited to walking and running in grassland.  The flight is direct.  They have a shaggy crest.
Dingo (Canis dingo) live in Australia in family groups.
Gray Duiker (Sylvicapra grimmia) – Africa south of the Sahara. Also called the Common Duiker, this animal has a thick, grizzled coat.  The male has small, sharp horns.  They adapt to scrub country or open grasslands.
Emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) – Australia The Emu stands over six feet. They are fast runners reaching 25 miles an hour and are good swimmers. The female lays 6 to 9 dark green eggs on the ground in a hollow. The male instead of the female incubates the eggs for 60 days.
Masai Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) have jagged patches. The word “Giraffe” derives from Arabic meaning “fast walker”. (They live in Africa) They have three horns. They eat from the tops of Acacia, a very thorny tree, but with the extremely long tongue (about 16 inches long) of the giraffe he does great. Some places acacias flower in the dry season when they need them most. As they nose among the treetops for leaves, they collect pollen on their heads and horn tufts and transport it from one tree to another.
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Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) – North America, Eurasia, North Africa and the Middle East, North and South China and the Himalayas.  They are silent most of the time, but will come out with a yelping call.  The Golden Eagle hunts at high altitudes, strong and majestic, diving to find their prey.
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Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodias) – United States, Southern Canada, Mexico, South America. This patient, blue-gray heron will spend hours watching for a fish or frog to come by. With a swift spearing, they have their dinner. The white head has a black stripe going across the eye extending to black plumes off the back of the head. They have a sharp, yellow spear-like bill and long legs. Herons fly with an S shape. (They are not cranes).
Two Jaguar (panthera onca) – Southern United States to South America.  They are most abundant around rivers or other bodies of water.  They are good swimmers.
Red Kangaroo (Macropus rufus) – Australia. The muscles and tendons of their tail and back legs are even more efficient than four legged mammals. The Kangaroo live in groups called “mobs”. They can jump six to eight feet high. Each leap cover about twelve feet. Marsupial babies leave the womb after just a few weeks and crawl up the mothers belly to finish their development attached to a nipple in an external pouch.
Rainbow Lorikeet (Trichoglossus haematodus) – New Guinea, Southwest Pacific Islands, East Indonesia, South Australia.
This Masai Giraffe baby will be one years old on March 15, 2007.
This Masai Giraffe baby will be one years old on March 15, 2007.
River Otters (Lutra canadensis) – Alaska, Canada, United States, parts of Mexico and Central America.  The River Otter seems to be a fun loving, playful animal.  They chase each other down muddy slides on river banks, play follow the leader, swimming underwater, Most otters are about 55 inches long with an incredible tapering tail that reaches 18 to 20 inches long, thick at the base thinning down to the tip.  Their ears a small.  The forefeet are small and the hind feet are webbed and helps them to torpedo through the water with great speed.    A River Otter is born on land and then coaxed into the water by its mother at three months old.  The River Otter will travel over land to other ponds or rivers when food is scarce.  The otter’s whiskers are an important part of their fishing for food.  The nerves at the end of the whiskers are extremely sensitive to touch.
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Red-Billed Hornbill (Tockus erythrorhynchus) – South Sahara through East Africa to South Africa. This is a small, slender hornbill with unique nesting habits. The female inside the nest, helped by the male outside, plasters the entrance with mud and droppings, leaving only a narrow slit. The male brings food which is passed through the slit., and droppings are squirted out. The Female leaves when the young are half-grown, and they reseal the nest until ready to leave.
Red Crested Turaco (Tauraco erythrolophus) – Africa: Angola, Zaire. Their diet consists of fruit, seeds, insects, leaves, and snails. It is agile in trees and can hop and run, but not a good flier.
Red-Shouldered Hawk (Buteo lineatus) – Canada, Florida, California, Southeast and Mexico. This hawk is a forest bird, building a nest high in a tree near moving water. They have a long tail and long legs with a rusty colored red patch on the shoulders. The under parts are a rusty red with lighter streaks. The Hawk measures about 17 to 24 inches with a broad wingspan of 40 inches. There are heavy dark bands across both sides of the tail.
Red-Tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis) – Alaska, Canada, United States to Panama. This large Hawk measures 19 – 25 inches in length. They have large broad wings with a wide rust-red tail on the topside. The plumage on the hawk is variable. The bill is heavier than some hawks. A belly band of dark brown to black streaks are on white under parts. This open country bird of prey rises on air currents (thermals), circling and soaring while looking for prey.
Short-Tailed Hawk (Buteo brachyurus) – South Texas and mountains of Southeast Arizona. This is a small hawk with a dark brown head and back. The under parts are creamy-white with some scattered streaks. All adult hawks have wide tail bands.
Scarlet Ibis (Eudocimus ruber) – Coasts of North and South America.  No other or shorebird has scarlet plumage like that of the Scarlet Ibis.  They have a curved bill for probing in shallow water.
Scarlet Macaw (Ara macao) – Mexico to Brazil and Bolivia. This Macaw is one of the largest. They are easy to spot because of their brilliant colors as they fly from the feeding areas to the roosting sites. When feeding they are quiet, but when flying they are noisy and will screech when alarmed.
Southern Ground Hornbill (Burorvus leadbeateri) – The Ground Hornbill has bare neck wattles which inflate to make booming sounds to communicate with their family groups.
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Land Tortoise

 

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