Maryland Zoo in Baltimore


Maryland Zoo in




Black-Tailed Prairie Dog (Cynomys ludovicianus) – Great
Plains of North America.  The usual prairie dog colony, known as
Coteries, is composed of several families.  The prairie dog spend
time standing watch on top of the mound of the burrow where they
sleep.  The prairie dog stands on their back legs and, when danger is
near, they bark an alarm.  When the threat passes, the prairie dog
emerge from the burrow and will give a “jump-yip” call that
seems to announce danger has passed.


Sitatunga – female (Tragelaphus spekii) – Central
Africa.  The Sitatunga spend a lot of time in the swamps and
marshes, eating vegetation that is in flower.  The widely splayed
hooves help as they walk through the water.  The females are a
chestnut to tawny color.

Sitatunga – male (Tragelaphus spekii) – Western and
Central Africa.  Only the males have spiraled horns.  The
males are gray to brown in color.

Spur-Thigh Tortoise (Geochelone sulcata) – Central


Demoiselle Crane (Anthropoides virgo) – Lower Danube
eastward through southern Russia, Turkestan and Siberia to China.
This graceful crane is the smallest of the cranes.  They have a long
neck and legs with a completely feathered head with a white line of
feathers that runs from the corner of their red eye to the back of their
head.  They are one of two species of cranes that do not have patches
of bare, red skin on their heads.  Their bills are short and legs and
toes are black.  When migrating, they have to cross the Himalayan
Mountains to get to their wintering area in India.  (Altitudes of
approx. 26,000 feet).


Saddle-Billed Stork (Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis) –
Africa.  The Saddle-Billed Stork is a wading stork.  The
female is identified by her yellow eye.  The large red bill has a
yellow saddle patch.  There are red leg joints on the long
legs. Tthey will roost in trees together and nest in pairs.


Okapi (Okapia johnstoni) – Africa.  The Okapi is in
the Giraffe family.  The Okapi forages for food in dense forests.
They have a long, prehensile tongue to help them reach of vegetation
better.  The ears point backward and the males have a
pair of short horns on the forehead.

African Penguin (Spheniscus demersus) –  Penguins South
Africa.   These Penguins are known as Black-Footed Penguins –
also known as the “Jackass Penguin” because of it’s
“bray” in a similar way a donkey “brays’.  The
pattern on this penguin is slightly different on each individual
penguin, such as our fingerprints are unique to each of us.  They
are only found in South Africa.
Lion (Panthera leo) – Africa and Southern Asia.  The
lions form a social bond unusual to most of the “Big
Cats”.   The group, made up of females and their young,
forms a “pride”.  Males living with the pride usually let
the females do the hunting.  The male has a impressive mane
surrounding his head, darkening with age. The female has no mane and can
range in color from ochre-brown, tawny yellow to almost
White Rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum) – Northern, Eastern
and Southern Africa.  The White Rhino is the largest of the
Rhinoceros weighing up to 2 1/2 tons.  They have a wide, straight
upper lip used in grazing close to the ground – with no front
teeth.  There is a hump at the shoulders.  The front horn can
reach 4 1/2 feet in length.  Rhinos have three toes on each foot.
The White Rhinocero’s horn is made up of Keratin, the same
material our fingernails are made up of.  The Rhino has poor eye
sight and is startled easily.  They can locate threatening sounds
by rotating their ears.  To protect their skin from sunburn and
insects, they like to wallow in the mud.
Arctic Fox (Alopex lagopus) – Alaska, North Canada,
Greenland, North Europe and North Asia.  The Arctic Fox has a white
phase in the winter for camouflage in snow.  Then, in summer, they
are brown or gray to blend in the the hillsides, even having a bluish
phase.  They live in burrows
Crested Porcupine (Hystrix cristata) – Central Southern
Italy, North Africa and Central Western Africa.
Reticulated Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) – Africa on
the Savannah.  The Giraffe is the tallest living animal.  They
can out- walk most predators with their long legs.  When running or
cantering, the front legs move together and the back legs move together,
in sequence.  The back slopes down from the shoulder to the
rump.  The neck has a short, thick mane.  The Giraffe has two
small horns and a medium bulge on the forehead covered with skin and
hair.  They are vegetarians, using their long, prehensile tongue
and lips to forge among the tall trees or shrubs.  The reticulated
Giraffe has sharp-edged chestnut patches, outlined by white lines.
The newborn calf is already about 6 1/2 feet tall and is up on their
feet within 15 or 20 minutes after birth.









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