Philadelphia Zoo, PA



African Lion (Panthera leo krugeri) – Sub-Saharan Africa.  The male lion’s name is Merlin.  The light colored Female’s name is Vinkel.  Lions are social mammals  and live in groups called prides.  Males develop thick, woolly manes that vary in individuals.  The usual color of the lion is tawny-yellow, but they can be almost white to a dark, almost black color.  Both males and females can roar, males more loudly.  Their roar can be heard several miles away at night.  It is thought that the roar advertises the presence and position of  the lion.
The Lioness can be a tawny yellow, deep ochre brown to nearly white.
Matschie’s Tree Kangaroo – New Guinea.  These Tree Kangaroos have a heavy tail for balance, powerful arms for jumping from tree to tree and long claws for climbing.
Blue-eyed Lemur – This Lemur was thought to be a myth until 1983 when they were seen in Madagascar.  They are very rare
Amur Toger (Panthera tigris altaica) – Eastern Russia.  The stripes of the tiger help to camouflage them in the wild.  Every tiger has is own pattern of stripes like our fingerprints.  The tiger usually hunts at night.  They are good swimmers.
Polar Bear (Ursus maritimus) – Arctic Ocean.  In the wild Polar Bears migrate with the edge of the ice pack; moving south in the winter as the ice advances, and north in the summer as it retreats.   An adult bear will weigh around 1200 pounds.


Red Kangaroo (Macropus rufus) – Australia.  You can tell the male from the female Kangaroo.  The male is red and the female is grayer.  The females are sometimes called “blue-flyers” because of the bluish-gray color.   The male fight standing on their rear legs and attacking with their front legs.  They can also
balance their body on their strong tail, lifting their back legs off the ground, hitting out with sharp claws of the rear feet.
Emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) – Australia in the arid plains, woodlands and desert.  Emu are good swimmers, which I wouldn’t have guessed.  They can run 30 mph.  The female lays between 7 – 10 dark-green eggs and the male sits on the eggs for around 60 days.
Scottish Highland Cattle (Bos taurus) – Scottish Highlands.
Aldabra Tortoise (Geochelone gigantea) –  Aldabra Islands off Eastern Africa.  There are three islands that make up the Aldabra Islands.  There are about 100,000 Aldabra Tortoise on these islands.  The main characteristics that separate them from the Galapagos Tortoise are: Their head isn’t much thicker than the neck, they do not have pink patches under the throat and they have a central nuchal scale behind the head on the shell.
Coquerel Sifaka (Propithecus coquereli) – Northern Madagascar.  The trait that separates the Sifaka from other Lemur is the way they move through the trees, keeping an upright position as they leap through the trees.  Their long legs allow the Sifaka to leap up to 30 feet. Even on the ground this Lemur will stand  right, which is unusual. .They use their arms and hands to balance properly while upright.
Common or White-handed Gibbons (Hylobates lar) – Sumatra, Malaysia, southwestern Thailand and Cambodia.  They have long, tapered hands with the backs of them being white like the feet.  The color varies from black to light tawny.  The face is black, surrounded with white hair.   They are the most agile of all primates.
Plains Zebra (Equus burchelli) – Savannas and grasslands of Southern Africa.  The Zebra gather in large herds.  They sleep in turns so that there is always a few members of the herd on the alert for danger.  The mane extends from their forehead and along their back and stands erect.   The long neck and head make it easier to reach the grass.  The Zebra can reach speeds of 35 mph.
Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardis) – Savannas of Southern Africa.  Special valves in the neck veins of giraffes keep blood from rushing too quickly to the head.  Without this system a giraffe would probably get dizzy every time they lowered their heads to get a drink.  The Giraffe’s tongue is about 12 inches long and has sticky saliva on it to help with rapidly eating termites and ants without getting bitten. The Giraffe lives in a group in the wild sometimes as many as 30 in the herd.  The old bull Giraffe dominates the herd, but the female will lead when moving to new areas.
Southern White Rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum simum) – Savannas and Grasslands of Southern Africa.  The Rhino has a square lip.
Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) – Africa south of the Sahara, Arabia, Iran as far as Turkestan.  The Cheetah is very streamline in appearance with very long legs.  The head is rather small and has a black line marking on each side of their face.  They hunt in the day, usually in the early morning and at sunset.  The Cheetah can sprint as fast as 70 miles per hour and is the fastest land animal.
African Wild Dog (Lycaon pictus) – Africa Woodlands, Savannas and Grasslands.  Every Wild Dog has a different coat pattern.  The tail tip is almost always white.
Snow Leopard (Panthera uncin) – Central Asia.  This Snow Leopard was born in 2005.  The fur is dense with a long, thick tail.
Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii) – Before sunset, the orangutan start to build their nests for the night.  They bend and twist tree branches to make the frame and then fill it in with sticks.  When it rains the orangutan will put large leaves over their heads to keep dry.
Caribbean Flamingos (Phoenicopterus ruber) – North America in southern coastal areas, Bahamas, Brazil,
caribbeans and southern Mexico.  They wade into waters to find foods that give them their beautiful pink color, such as krill, algae, small aquatic insects and crustaceans (pink shrimp).  They scoop up water
through the slanted bill.  The food is collected on a comb like area of fine plates which drain out the   water.  
Hooded Crane (Grus monacha) – Japan, China and Korea.  Like most cranes, hooded crane will call in unison.  The Hooded Cranes nest in bogs in southeastern Russia and northern China.  More than 80 % of the hooded cranes spend the winter at the Izumi Feeding Station on the Japanese Island of Kyushu.





Search Terms: African lion, tree kangaroo, lemur, tiger, polar bear, kangaroo, emu, Scottish highland cattle, tortoise, african elephant, sifaka, madagascar lemur, gibbons, zebra, giraffe, rhinoceros, white rhinoceros, cheetah, african wild dog, snow leopard, orangutan, flamingo, hooded crane,



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