Porcupine

Porcupine

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 Crested Porcupine ( Hystrix cristata) – North Africa, Central southern Italy and Central Western Africa.  The spines or quills are on the tail and back.  These quills can reach  14 inches.   The eyes are small and the ears are short.  They eat bulbs, fruit and roots, holding the food between the front feet.  The porcupine will lift the spines on the back and tail when danger is near.
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 Crested Porcupine – These porcupine are large with black bodies.  The spines are black and white and make a rattling sound when raised.  They prefer hilly or rocky country.
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American porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum) – Canada, United States and Northern Mexico.  The American Porcupine is stout and has short legs.  The body is covered in yellow/brown and white spines with brown/black tips.  The front feet have 4 clawed toes and the back feet have 5 clawed toes.  They eat berries, flowers, roots and seeds.  In the winter they resort to the inner bark of trees.  The gestation period is about 215 days.  The young are born with their eyes open and are well developed enough to climb almost immediately.  One hour after birth the quills will harden.  In a few weeks the young porcupine is completely independent.

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