Rhinoceros

Rhinoceros

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Black Rhino Baby Calf (Diceros bicornis) – East Africa as far south as South Africa.  The Black Rhino has a curled upper lip and is sometimes called the Hook-lipped Rhino.
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The Black Rhino Calf will stay with the mother until she gives birth to another calf.
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White Rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum) – Southern Sudan and South Africa.  The White Rhino is larger and heavier than the Black Rhino.  They are identified by the hump on the nape of the neck.  The Black Rhino has no hump.  The upper lip of the White Rhino is square-shaped.  The ears are broad and have hairs on the edges.  The horns are longer and thinner than the Black Rhino.
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Indian Rhinoseros (Rhinoseros unicornis) – Savannahs of India and Nepal.  This Rhino has only one horn.  The hide has “armor-like” folds.  They have a prehensile upper lip to gather tall grasses and have the ability to tuck the tip of the lip away when grazing on shorter grasses.  Besides the tall grasses, the Rhino will also eat fruit, leaves, branches and shrubs.  Although their eye sight is poor, they have excellent hearing and a strong sense of smell.  The Indian Rhino is often seen with egrets or “tick birds” that ride on their back, eating parasites found on the Rhino’s skin.
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Indian Rhinoceros likes to wallow in the mud.  It helps them keep cool and protects their skin from sunburn and bug bites.
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The White Rhinoceros has a square-shaped upper lip.  The horn is made of keratin which is specialized hair.  The White Rhino has three toes on each foot.  They are rather small for the heavy body of the Rhino.

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