Southwick Zoo


Southwick Zoo, Mendan,




Red Kangaroo (Macropus rufus) – Australia.  The Red
Kangaroo is the largest marsupial in the world.  Marsupials
are  mammals in which the female has a pouch called marsupium.
When born, joeys (young kangaroo) only 3/4 of an inch long.  They
are blind and have no fur.  They crawl up the mother’s fur into her
pouch and immediately attaches itself to a nipple.  The Joey
is  reared in the pouch through the first four months.  The
long hind legs are used for jumping and leaping 5 to 7 feet high and
covers about 15 feet per leap.  The The Kangaroo can reach 30
mph.  The tapered tail is long and powerful.   Kangaroo’s
hind legs cannot move independently of one another, so they must hop to
move around.
The Red Kangaroo’s coat is usually reddish brown in males and sometimes
bluish gray in females.  The fore-shortened upper limbs have clawed
paws used for eating, grooming and self-defense.  The male Kangaroos
are muscular and use this power when fighting over a female.  They
lean back on their thick tail and “box” each other, using the
front legs as well.  A group of Kangaroo are called a
“mob”.  They use a warning signal by stamping their feet
when danger is near.

Aldabra Tortoise (Geochelone gigantea) –

Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) – India in Nepal, Bangladesh and
Burma.  The Bengal Tiger is the most common of the tiger
species.  The classic tiger marking are deep orange with black
stripes with a white underside.  They have large, rounded ears with a
rather large head.  The long tail is ringed.  The claws are
retractable.  They are good swimmers.
White Bengal Tiger (Paanthera tigris tigris ) India in Nepal,
Bangladesh and Burma.  The white tiger is a Bengal Tiger with a
recessive gene that makes the fur white..
Capybara (Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris) –  South America.
Capybara are the largest rodent in the world.  The Capybara has a
large head with small ears.  They diet on aquatic plants and are
very good swimmers.  When swimming, they keep their nostrils eyes
and ears out of the water.
African Lion (Panthera leo) – Africa.  Lions live in prides usually
consisting of five adult females, two adult males and the young
cubs.  These BIG CATS conserve energy during most of the day,
sleeping or resting about 20 hours a day.  That keeps them away from
the heat of the day.  Unlike other cats, Lions are very
social.   Identifying a male or female in other cats usually
isn’t easily done.  With lions, however, the male mane sets them
apart.  The lions roar can be heard five nukes away,
Bactrian Camel (Camelus bactrianus) – Central Asia – Gobi
Desert.  This two hump camel is still found in the
wild.   The Bactrian Camel has the capacity to endure
extreme temperatures.  They have long, woolly hair dark brown to
buff coat which they shed in the summer.   The humps are
composed of fat, not water, storing the excess fat which help to sustain
the camel when food and water is not available. The hump becomes soft
and floppy as the fat is depleted.   They can go without water
for 3 to 4 days.   The Bactrian Camel has a double row of long
eyelashes and hairs inside the ears to protect them against damage from
sand.  They have long slit-like nostrils that can be closed for
further protection during
Hyacinth Macaw (Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus) – South America in Brazil,
Bolivia and Paraguay.    The Hyacinth Macaw is the largest
of all the parrot and has  a deep blue plumage with a yellow chin
and yellow around the eye.  They have an huge bill with a diet of
nuts including palm nuts, seeds and fruits.  There is a long,
tapered tail and short legs with strong feet.
Formosan Sika Deer (Cervus nippon Taivanus) – Taiwan, Japan, China and
Jacob Sheep (Ovis aries) or Four Horned Sheep – Syria.
White-Faced Capuchin (Cebus capucinus) – Central and South America.
This nimble and agile Capuchin live in large groups in the thick
forest.  They mostly stay in the trees except to come down for
water.  The diet consists of fruit, insects, leaves and sometimes
small birds.
Mandrill (Mandrillus sphinx) – Africa: Cameroon and Gibon.
The Mandrill is a colorful primate.  They have a scarlet nose,
bright blue flanges on either side, a yellow beard with a blue and
pinkish rump.   They spend time on the ground looking for
fallen fruit, seeds and small animals.   There are less colors
on the females.  They may retreat to the trees for
Alpaca (Vicugna pacos) – South America: Bolivia, Ecuador, Northern
Chile, Southern Peru and Andes Mountains.
Llama (Lama glama) – South America:  Bolivia, Chile, Argentina
and Peru.
Black Swan (Cygmus Atratus) – Australia and Tasmania.  Baby swan
are called cygnets.
Black-Tailed Prairie Dog (Cynomys ludovicianus) – Western United
States, Canada and Northern Mexico.
African Watusi (Bos taurus) – Africa.  Also known as “Cattle of
Warthog (Phacochoerus africanus) – Africa: Savannahs and forests.
Indian Muntjak (Muntiacus muntjak) – India, Nepal, Sumatra, Borneo and









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