Zoo Granby – Canada

 

 

Zoo Granby Canada


 

 

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Snow Leopard – (Panthera uncia) – Central, South and East Asia.  The Snow Leopard lives in the high mountains until winter sets in when they come down to lower altitudes.  The fur is grayish color with tawny brown along its flanks.  This dense fur helps to keep them warm.  There are rosettes, with solid spots on the neck, head and lower limbs having white on the under-belly.  There is a dark stripe down the back. The thick, long tail is impressive and used for balance, among other things.  The Snow Leopard can jump and leap across rocky terrain with ease.  The large, snowshoe-like feet have fur padding on them to help with the snow and rocks.  The claws are retractable.
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Andean Condor (Vultur gryphus) – South America.  The Condor can glide for hours without flapping its wings.  Without the calm, warm weather, however, the Condor cannot reach the required height on the rising air currents which it needs to soar and circle upward. On colder days, the Condor has to remain on the ground.  It has a body length of 45 to 50 inches with an 11 foot wingspan.  The bill is hooked.  The Andean Condor is one of the largest flying birds. They make their home high in the Andes Mountains, nesting on ledges of a
cliff or in caves.  The female lays one single egg, the incubation period being about 59 days.
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African Lion (Panthera Leo) – Africa and South Asia.  The Lion is one of the “BIG CATS”.  The usual color of the
male lion is a tawny yellow, but can vary in color.  The thick mane can be light to dark brown.  Both the male and the female roar, which, during the night, can be heard for miles.  The lion is a social animal living in prides.
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African Lion (Female) – The pride usually has two or more females and cubs.  The female usually hunts at night or can be active during the cooler part of the day.  The gestation period lasts for 105 days when
the female gives birth to 2 to 4 cubs.  These cubs stay with the group for at least a year and a half.
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Greater Flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber) – Caribbean, Africa, Southwest Europe and Asia.  The Greater Flamingo wades in shallow waters. They scoop up water through an upturned bill, sifting the small
shrimp-like animals, tiny plants such as diatoms and algae and insects, sorting through the comb-like drains to get the best choices.  In order to have the best feeding grounds, the greater flamingo travel in large flocks to suitable lakes.  The nest is a built up mud mound on salt lakes or mudflats.  The chicks are white when they are born.
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African Elephant (Loxodonta Africana) – The Elephant is the largest living land animal.  The African Elephant is easily distinguished from the Asian Elephant by the large ears.  The ears dissipate body heat and brush insects away from the eyes.  The trunk has over 40,000 muscles with no bones or cartilage.  This amazing trunk is very
flexible and allows the elephant to pick up small as well as large items and is used for breathing, drinking, spraying dust and communicating.  The elephant has strong, pillar-like legs to support their huge weight of approximately 6 tons, and has flat-soled feet. The African Elephant have four toenails on the front and three on the back feet.
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Giraffe Baby (giraffa camelopardalis) – Africa south of the Sahara.  The Giraffe is the tallest living animal.  When
born, this young giraffe is already about 6 feet tall.  The Giraffe gives birth to the calf in the standing position and the baby drops about 6 feet, head down.  The calf can begin walking around very soon after the birth.  They average around 18 feet tall when grown.  The Giraffes are usually silent, but not mute.  When threatened, they
bellow and snort.  The Giraffe would rather run to avoid danger, but the kick of the Giraffe can be powerful.
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Giraffe (giraffa camelopardalis) – The four main areas where the Giraffe can be found are: Somali arid, Saharan, Northern savannah, and Southern savannah.  To name a couple, a reticulated Giraffe has irregular
patches that are clear shapes.  The Masai Giraffe has jagged edges on the patch blotches – live in different areas.   Despite the length of the Giraffe’s neck, they only still have 7 cervical vertebrae like in most mammals.  The cervical vertebrae are just larger.   The length of the neck is about 6 or 7 feet alone.  The elastic band vessels in the neck helps them to bend their neck to the ground and lift it again without fainting.
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Llama (Lama glama) – South America – Bolivia, Chile, Argentina and Peru.  Llama come from the Andes Mountain area in South America.  They have been domesticated and used as pack animals for centuries.  During the Inca Empire, Llama were the only beast of burden they had.  The Llama is gentle, intelligent, patient, generally mild-tempered and inquisitive, being a very sociable animal.  They are 5 to 6 feet tall and weigh 250 to
400 lbs.  The ears are rather long and curve slightly forward.  They have a rounded muzzle with protruding lower incisors and a cleft upper lip.
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Alpaca (Vicugna pacos) – Andes Mountains – South America.  The Alpaca is smaller than the Llama and is not used as a pack animal.  The Alpaca fiber is used for clothing where the main function of the Llama has been a beast of burden. The Alpaca has more hair on the neck and head.  They have straight ears where the Llamas
have curved ears.  The Alpaca are plentiful in wild herds in the Andes and prefers other Alpaca to being alone.  The Llama, on the other hand, is more independent and gets along alright without other Llama.  The two-toed feet of the Alpaca are soft padded, leaving the mountain terrain undamaged.
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Ostrich (struthio camelus) – Africa from Senegal to Ethiopia and south to Tanzania – population in southern Africa. Ostrich stand about 8 feet tall and are the  largest and tallest bird in the world.  They are flightless birds but with strong legs, they can run as fast as forty mph.   They use their wings as “rudders” to help them change direction when running, giving them balance.  The Ostrich EYE is, amazingly enough, bigger than the brain.  The eye measures about 2 inches across and is the largest eye of any bird.   The Ostrich does not bury their
heads in the sand as believed.  If sitting on the nest or in a situation where they cannot run from trouble, they will press their long neck to the ground in an attempt to blend in with the sandy soil and from a distance this gives them the appearance of burying their heads in the sand.
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Grant’s Zebra (Equus quagga boehmi) – Ethiopia, Somalia to South Africa.  Grant’s Zebra is also known as the Plains Zebra or Common Zebra.  This is the smallest of these sub-species. They have wider stripes on the body, with stripes going down to the hooves.  All zebra have a different stripe pattern like our fingerprints.   Zebras will stay in close groups led by a male stallion.  In order to stay alert to predators, the Zebras sleep in turns so there is always a zebra standing guard.
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White-Nosed Coati (Nasua narica) – Arizona, Mexico and Central America to Panama and South America.  Also known as the “coatimundi”, the male are solitary most of the time. Their fur is light red or dark brown, being lighter on the underbelly. There are white rings around the eyes with a pointed white snout. The area around the nose is sensitive causing a good sense of smell.  The numerous muscles allow great flexibility at the tip of
the snout, which is used to poke into crevices to find prey. This flexibility can be seen in the amazing way the Coatis curl their snouts when drinking water.

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Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla) – Africa – Cameroons, Gabon, Zaire.
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White-faced Saki (Pithecia pithecia) – South America north of the Amazon.  These Saki have a definite difference between the male and the female.  The male is black with a white or tawny face and a black nose.  The female is grayish brown with long white tips on her fur with a blackish face with white stripes on either side of the
nose.  This is unique among the monkey species.
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Ring-Tailed Lemur (Lemur catta) – Southern and Southwestern Madagascar.   The ring-tailed Lemur is easily
identified by the clearly marked black and white rings on the tail.  They have a distinct triangular eye patch, a pointed black snout, grayish-brown colored body with whitish under parts.  There are glands on the forearms which secrete a strong-smelling substance.  These are mainly put to use in the mating season called
“stink fights”.
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The Ring-Tailed Lemur mainly stays on the ground but are skilled climbers and find protection in the forest canopy when threatened.  Their diet consists of mainly wild fruit, leaves, bark, sap and flowers.  The Lemur uses the front feet as hands, putting food into their mouths.  They are a very sociable by nature.  Young females stay with their mothers but young males move to other groups.  The adult females dominate the males.  The
babies cling to the mothers belly and will ride on the mothers back when a little older.
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Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) – Sub-Saharan Africa.  The Hippopotamus have a very large body that is purplish gray to blue-black.  The eyes, ears and nostrils are all on top of their heads which remain above the surface of the water when the rest of the hippo is submerged.  The teeth are long and curved inward.  This massive animal weighs around 2650 lbs. They spend most of their day time submerged in water walking on the river bottoms. At sundown they climb the riverbanks and feed on the grasses of the plains.
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American Alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) Southeastern United States.  The Alligator glides smoothly through the water with their heads above the water when they spot their prey.  They have been known to leap out of the water when trying to catch a nearby bird.  The snout is moderately long and wide
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Rainbow Lorikeet (Trichoglossus haematodus) East Indonesia, New Guinea, Southwest Pacific Islands to New Caledonia, North, East and South Australia.  The colors on this Lorikeet are beautiful.  They tend to be noisy, especially when in flocks. The birds feed on pollen and nectar, flower blossoms, seeds and fruit.  They nest in a cavity in the hollow limb or tree trunk.
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Amur Tiger (Panthera tigris altaica) – Siberia and Manchuria.  This Tiger is the largest member of the cat
family.  They are usually solitary.  It’s coat is the lightest color among all tigers and the fur is long and thick to protect it against the cold.  There is a white area around the tigers eyes.  The Amur male tiger weighs anywhere from 396 to 792 lbs.  The female is smaller weighing 200 to 367 lbs. The sharp claws are retractable.  They have large, rounded ears. Tigers are agile mammals and very good swimmers.  In harsh climates it accumulates up to 2 inches of fat beneath its skin.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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